Automated driving and smart mobility services

In the future, mobility of people and goods will be more sustainable, smart and automated. VTT helps companies and societies to develop smart mobility services from automated vehicles to efficient logistics and sustainable transport systems.

Key facts: VTT's automated driving and smart mobility services

What we offer

We develop mobility services as well as vehicle and transport automation solutions.

Our strengths

Our strengths lie in service impact assessment, safe operation of autonomous systems and situational awareness in challenging conditions.

Our customers

Our customers include cities, central government agencies and businesses, such as transport service providers, transport and logistics operators and vehicle manufacturers.

The world needs more sustainable, efficient and user-friendly ways to move people and things. Cities and service operators all around the world are looking for ways to reduce transport emissions and improve performance and safety. Data generated by automation and new digital transport systems enables new business opportunities, for example, road and sea transport and mobile machinery. Drone technology also has huge potential.  

The market potential for low-carbon propulsion, increasing autonomy and digital services is considerable. The global urban and rural mobility-as-a-service (MaaS) market alone is expected to grow to 900 billion euros by 2030. The autonomous vehicles, heavy machinery and drones market is projected to reach a total value of approximately 70 billion euros by 2023.

Our journey together can be based on whichever perspective is the most important for you:

Impact of business transition across logistics and transport systems

Public authorities and developers of transport or logistics services are more likely to be interested in the automation or digitalisation of logistics and transport systems. We can help you choose the right focus and priorities, and to identify business opportunities.  

Full autonomy of vehicles is not always necessary, but experiment driven human-centred design is.

VTT can come up with scenarios to illustrate alternative service and business models. We excel at identifying different ways to solve challenges and at evaluating impact. We carry out impact assessments from social, technological and economic perspectives. 

Human-centred and safe operating concepts and service design

Vehicle manufacturers and service providers tend to focus on user experience and are more likely to be interested in the impacts of autonomy and new service models on the safety and user-friendliness of logistics/transport systems.  

Our human-centred engineering and service design specialists are masters of safety-critical systems and can help you to design solutions that satisfy the needs of different user groups. Our services also make it easier to demonstrate the regulatory compliance and public acceptability of solutions. Our experience of inclusive Living Lab piloting environments allows us to test the user-experience of services in real-life scenarios.

Situational awareness and automated driving

For many of our customers, developing situational awareness solutions and related services for vehicles or traffic management is the natural path towards interoperable systems and higher levels of autonomy. Examples of customers with these kinds of needs include vehicle manufacturers and logistics and transport operators.

VTT has extensive experience in vehicle and transport infrastructure sensor systems and data fusion to generate an overview of the environment. We have also been working on a control system for autonomous driving different weather conditions. We have access to three specially equipped cars as well as a bus for automated driving research and experiments. They are located in the premises of VTT. Our sensing technology experts can also deliver customised solutions and algorithms. Our ICT experts specialise in solutions that enable vehicle and backend systems to communicate and exchange data.

Read more about automated driving and smart mobility services

Customer references

RoboRide Oy

To establish a novel autonomous taxi operation, VTT carried out a risk analysis of operating an autonomous, electric last-mile vehicle in the busy Kuparipuisto factory area for RoboRide Oy.

The resulting service cuts costs and CO2 emissions while transporting visitors autonomously and safely​


Development of autonomous machines requires a wide selection of novel sensor technologies and verification of their performance in real environment.

VTT worked together with Sandvik by implementing a real-time prototype system for fast new sensor setups with dozens of new perception sensors and necessary storage for the high data flows.​

VTT provided a flexible prototyping platform for testing large synchronised sensor setups enabling sensor fusion research and allowing us to concentrate on the application.
Jussi Puura​, Research program lead​, Sandvik Mining and Construction Oy​ ​

Customer references

Stora Enso & HIAB

Automated truck for wood chip transportation 24/7

Various kind of material needs to be regularly transferred to cellulose and saw mills. Conveyors are cost-effective only in the main flows, so automated trucks play a significant role in the transport of raw materials.

VTT connected Stora Enso, Mantsinen and HIAB to try out a pilot solution, to which also Innotrafik and Nokian Tyres participated.


Autonomous electric vehicles are vital in the fight against climate change.

Together with Fortum, VTT explored the optimisation of the automated electric cars in densely populated urban areas. The car drove a busy 18-kilometre route mainly in autonomous mode, including also remote operators attendance via 4G.​

Our main ongoing projects:

Ecsel NewControl: Integrated, Fail-Operational, Cognitive Perception, Planning and Control Systems for Highly Automated Vehicles

Develop fail-operational automated driving functions with robust sensoring, aiming for automated driving in SAE Level 3+. Read more:

Ecsel AI4DI: Artificial Intelligence for Digitalizing Industry

Development of artificial intelligence algorithms for industry needs. Applying the AI based solutions for mobile machinery operations and bus fleet management. Read more:

SAFER-LC: SAFER Level Crossing by integrating and optimizong road-rail infrastructure management and design

Create a toolbox for rail and road managers to safety at level crossing. Demonstrate new innovative tools and develop new systems to warn drivers when approaching crossings. Read more:

Heikki Rajasalo
Heikki Rajasalo

How are self-driving cars made road safe? Can smart bandages and skin patches identify and prevent disease? Should we make inventory of the Earth’s forests from space? These examples only scratch the surface when it comes to the potential benefits digitalisation brings for society and business alike.