Close to 200 countries have committed to the Paris climate agreement aiming to keep global warming below 2 ºC. Rapid transformation of all the sectors that are emitting greenhouse gases is needed. Finland has also set ambitious targets to increase the use of renewable energy to over 50% of the final energy consumption by 2030.
Billions of mechanical devices, buildings, vehicles and industrial processes need to be changed, retrofitted or renovated to improve energy efficiency and to decrease emissions. The emergence of integrated consumers and producers, called prosumers, will recreate energy markets.
Innovations for producing low-carbon energy from versatile sources are required more urgently than ever.
VTT fosters novel technologies and digitalisation as opportunities to support a systemic energy transformation.
Examples of research results 2017
The climate change plan points the way to a sustainable, low-carbon society
The impact evaluation of the mediumterm climate change policy plan (KAISU) required by the Climate Change Act
reviewed the impact of the climate change policy on Finland’s greenhouse gas emissions, energy system, economy,
environment and health. KAISU clarifies and complements the actions for reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the non-ETS or effort sharing sector, specified in the Energy and Climate Strategy published in 2016.
Read more about climate change adaptation >>
Making Helsinki a pioneer in intelligent energy solutions
Globally, cities produce 70% of greenhouse gas emissions. Together with its residents and companies, Helsinki is taking significant steps to make the city carbon neutral. The objective is supported by the mySMARTLife project, which involves testing an emission-free, electronic robot bus and encouraging the housing companies in Merihaka to renovate in an energy-efficient manner.
Watch the video 'VTT turns your Smart City vision into reality' >>
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Small SMR reactors are suitable for district heat generation
VTT has studied the suitability of small modular nuclear reactors for industrial processes and district heat generation. The small modular reactor (SMR) was modelled as part of the projected district heating network of a model Finnish city in the 2030s. According to the results, the modelled reactor type could be included in the production mix of the district heating network. The ROI period was estimated at 10–20 years, depending on the realisation of costs.
Read more about VTT's nuclear energy knowledge >>