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Climate action

VTT Review 2016

Climate action – Clean energy for the future

Strategy_icon_Climate action_small.jpgClose to 200 countries have committed to Paris climate agreement to limit the global warming below 2ºC. Rapid transformation of all the sectors that are emitting greenhouse gases are needed. Also Finland has set ambitious targets to increase the use of renewable energy to be over 50% of the final energy consumption by 2030.

Billions of mechanical devices, buildings, vehicles and industrial processes need to be changed, retrofitted or renovated to improve energy efficiency and to decrease emissions. Emergence of numerous integrated consumers and producers, called prosumers, recreates energy markets. VTT fosters novel technologies and digitalization as opportunities to support a systemic energy transformation.

Innovations for low-carbon energy mix from versatile sources are required more urgently than ever.


References and research results 


iStock_000014945502_Large.jpgMinimising energy
costs and CO2
for smart cities

Helen and City of Helsinki



New ways of reducing energy consumption

VTT has been envisioning new ways of reducing energy consumption. Central heating requirements and emissions could be reduced using INDUSTRIAL WASTE HEAT IN THE DISTRICT HEATING NETWORK, for example.

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Huge leap in digital computing energy efficiency speeds up deployment of IoT

Novel energy inside a microcircuit chip: VTT developed an efficient nanomaterial-based integrated energy storage

Spinnova's new wood fibre fabric displayed for the first time

TransSmart promotes smart transportation

VTT and Helsinki Region Transport (HSL) are collaborating on the TransSmart programme to promote smart transportation that uses low carbon energy. Helsinki is investing in the ELECTRIFICATION OF ITS PUBLIC TRANSPORT.

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Sustainability criteria for transport biofuels need improvements

Great results from testing UPM’s wood-based diesel in buses

Bio-CLC technology piloted in Bioruukki

VTT has developed a BIO-CLC TECHNOLOGY for biomass combustion in Finland’s power and heat plants. The new method has been piloted using wood pellets in VTT's Bioruukki. It improves the efficiency of electricity production.

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VTT develops combustion technologies for biomass – aims at negative emissions 

Reliable way of  measuring black carbon emissions from ships

Together with the Finnish Meteorological Institute, universities and several firms, VTT has developed a clear and reliable way of defining and measuring BLACK CARBON EMISSIONS FROM SHIPS. The results can be used in preparations for tighter emission regulations.

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Shipping must prepare for stricter black carbon emission regulations: Finns improve the reliability of international measurement techniques

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The risks of climate engineering have explored by VTT

CLIMATE ENGINEERING, such as reflecting solar radiation back into space,
has been proposed – instead of emission reduction – as a way of cooling the climate. VTT and the Finnish Meteorological Institute have explored the associated RISKS.

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Uncertainties related to climate engineering limit its use in curbing climate change


Biogas can be converted into raw materials

Using a method developed by VTT, even small sources of methane-rich BIOGAS can be converted into raw materials for animal feed or BIOPLASTIC on farms, landfills and sewage treatment plants. The solution can be used to reduce greenhouse gas emissions.

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Protein feed and bioplastic from farm biogas