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Drones – unmanned air, water, land and space systems


​Where and why to use drones?

​Border surveillance, emergency response, search and rescue and security services are always seeking new technologies and systems to advance their monitoring and response capacity. 

The use of unmanned vehicles for air, water, land, sea and space, is fast becoming the flexible tool of choice for efficient asset, logistics and safety & security management.

Unmanned doesn’t mean uncontrolled

Just because drones are unmanned, it doesn’t mean they’re unpiloted. Trained crews are always needed in a command & control centres to operate drones, and to monitor and analyse external conditions via remote images or videos and data sent back from the field, while acting on the information received.

VTT has been developing augmented and virtual reality user interfaces and control methods for operating drone swarms in demanding operational environments, such as border guarding. VTT has also developed and studied concept of operations for swarms of robotic vehicles operating in safety-critical domains.


Our concept of operations work should provide answers to the following questions:

  • How drones or other unmanned vehicles are deployed?
  • How tasks are introduced to a system?
  • How progress on the task is monitored and supervised?
  • How operational concepts can be integrated into other systems and various branches of service?

New drone technologies to boost your business 

In our work with real-time unmanned vehicle control units and navigation for ground and air, VTT has developed drone capacity data analyses on how unmanned vehicles on patrol move and how they detect unusual activity.


VTT is working with the EU government on border control, developing and testing technologies for:

  • Collision avoidance and landmark navigation avoidance in forests or poor weather conditions such as heavy fog, using sensor data, such as cameras, lidars and radars.
  • Perceiving and classifying the surrounding environment using cameras, laser scanners, and radars; and data fusion and sensor data probability.
  • Detecting human activity under different conditions by analysing computer algorithms and network characteristics.

​Drones in the form of unmanned air, water, land and space systems are yet another example of emerging technologies with the potential to transform your organisation. VTT can help you figure out new ways to use drone technology to help you reduce costs, optimise efficiencies, and increase safety and security.