Sign In
Information about science based innovations, solid facts to support decision-making, performance and business development for VTT’s partners, customers and anyone interested in high technology and its applications.
A magazine on science, technology and business

The business of plastics – on the hunt for long-term systematic value

Mari Suonto | 4.12.2019

The emergent new plastic economy could correct bad consumption habits while creating new business opportunities for forerunner companies. VTT is developing renewable material solutions for replacing fossil-based plastics in packaging as well as new technologies for recycling.

Having been around for only a little over a century, plastics have quickly become ubiquitous in global society and commerce. In packaging in particular, plastics have many benefits. They meet the high standards for hygiene and durability needed for global value chains, especially in the cosmetics and food industries, while still enabling relatively low-cost and scalable solutions.

The excellence and cost-efficiency that plastics have reigned with have, however, led to their overproduction: the amount of plastics made of fossil raw materials is about to reach 400 million tonnes and is expected to grow threefold by the end of 2050. The huge amount of plastics leaking into the environment has become a major threat to natural ecosystems and human well-being. As traditional plastics are fossil-based, their production and after-use incineration also cause significant greenhouse gas emissions that contribute to climate change.

– We do need plastics to fulfill basic human needs: for instance our global food supply and transport depend on them. However, we need to develop a functional recycling system for plastics: one that doesn't treat all plastics as one mass, but takes into account all the different types of plastics and how they can be sorted, reused and recycled, says Research Professor Ali Harlin from VTT.  

New, long-term value from plastics

Through the years, plastic packaging solutions have shown high performance in their core task – protecting their contents. The new challenge for companies aspiring to lead the new plastic economy is to find alternative materials and create effective recycling loops that also protect the environment.

According to VTT's plastics vision, the negative environmental impacts of plastic packaging can be reduced by half by 2030. This can be achieved through the joint efforts of several players of the new plastic economy: consumer brands, packaging producers, recycling companies, technology producers, policy-makers as well as research organisations and academia.

The aim is to create new, long-term systemic value for plastic materials by fostering a functional after-use economy, drastically reducing leakage and decoupling plastics from fossil feedstocks.

Together with its clients, VTT's research and development seeks solutions for alternative renewable materials that can replace fossil-based plastics in packaging as well as new, improved methods and technologies for recycling plastics.

– We at VTT have deep scientific understanding across different fields such as energy, raw materials and chemistry. That helps us discover new solutions, that are not based on a single technology, but see the plastics system as a whole, Harlin explains. 

New technologies are unlocking new opportunities in areas such as material design, separation technology, reprocessing technology and renewably sourced and biodegradable plastics. These solutions can pave the way for a better tomorrow, with lucrative business opportunities and a cleaner planet.

Alternative materials and new combinations

Polystyrene (PS) is an example of a popular plastic packaging material for which effective recycling processes have not yet been created. Many PS applications are contaminated due to the fact that they are used to store food. If the barriers for effective and economically viable collection, sorting, cleaning and recycling of polystyrene cannot be overcome, alternative packaging solutions are the way forward.

– We need replacing materials for traditional plastics. We believe that as much as half of all plastics could be made from renewable, bio-based fibres, Harlin says.

VTT's award-winning nanocellulose film, for example, has outstanding oxygen barrier properties thanks to its densely packed structure, while being a 100% renewable and biodegradable material. It is suited for a range of high-performance packaging needs as well as printable electronics or low-cost diagnostics.

According to VTT's research, traditional plastics and alternative renewable fibre materials can even be used simultaneously to achieve more efficient packaging solutions. While fibre materials can protect products form mechanical strain, plastics can be used to protect the products from contact with moisture and air. Food packages then additionally require a protective layer to separate the food from a mechanically recycled material. Creating the best solutions requires open-minded product design that takes the recyclability of each material into account. Besides that, it also requires a change in our current consumption patterns.

Want to be in the winning team? Talk to us about how our solutions could help you navigate your way in the new plastic economy: CONTACT VTT

 

 

VTT Impulsehttps://www.vttresearch.com/ImpulseVTT Impulse
Digital societyhttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Digital-society.aspxDigital society
Smart Citieshttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Smart-Cities.aspxSmart Cities
Low carbon energyhttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Low-carbon-energy.aspxLow carbon energy
Converting rags to design clotheshttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Converting-rags-to-design-clothes.aspxConverting rags to design clothes
Developers of the futurehttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Developers-of-the-future.aspxDevelopers of the future
Online banking for stiff fingers and weak eyeshttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Online-banking-for-stiff-fingers-and-weak-eyes.aspxOnline banking for stiff fingers and weak eyes
Open-source infrastructure in product development for the electromechanical industryhttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Open-source-infrastructure-in-product-development-for-the-electromechanical-industry.aspxOpen-source infrastructure in product development for the electromechanical industry
Petri Kalliokoski: Artificial intelligence moves from words to deedshttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Petri-Kalliokoski-Artificial-intelligence-moves-from-words-to-deeds.aspxPetri Kalliokoski: Artificial intelligence moves from words to deeds
Minister of Economic Affairs Olli Rehn: Renewal of economy will bring new growthhttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Renewal-of-economy-will-bring-new-growth.aspxMinister of Economic Affairs Olli Rehn: Renewal of economy will bring new growth
Maintenance support for astronautshttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Maintenance-support-for-astronauts.aspxMaintenance support for astronauts
Impulse 1/2015https://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Impulse-1-2015.aspxImpulse 1/2015
Intelligence for machineshttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Intelligence-for-machines.aspxIntelligence for machines
Jaakko Eskola: ”The ability to reinvent yourself is vital to success.”https://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/”The-ability-to-reinvent-yourself-is-vital-to-success”.aspxJaakko Eskola: ”The ability to reinvent yourself is vital to success.”
Research with impacthttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Research-with-impact.aspxResearch with impact
S Group believes in a multi-channel modelhttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/S-Group-believes-in-a-multi-channel-model.aspxS Group believes in a multi-channel model
Simon Kos, Microsoft: AI is forcing its way into patient carehttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Simon-Kos-Microsoft-AI-is-forcing-its-way-into-patient-care.aspxSimon Kos, Microsoft: AI is forcing its way into patient care
VTT’s spin-off GrainSense puts a laboratory in farmers’ handshttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/VTTs-spin-off-GrainSense-puts-a-laboratory-in-farmers-hands.aspxVTT’s spin-off GrainSense puts a laboratory in farmers’ hands
Global demand for oats is increasing stronglyhttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Global-demand-for-oats-is-increasing-strongly.aspxGlobal demand for oats is increasing strongly
Impulse 2/2014https://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Impulse-2-2014.aspxImpulse 2/2014
Towards bioeconomy with the power of woodhttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Towards-bioeconomy-with-the-power-of-wood.aspxTowards bioeconomy with the power of wood
Impulse 1/2018https://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Impulse-1-2018.aspxImpulse 1/2018
Using personal know-how to promote the common goodhttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Using-personal-know-how-to-promote-the-common-good.aspxUsing personal know-how to promote the common good
Media production and housing services are preparing for the 5G networkshttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Media-production-and-housing-services-are-preparing-for-the-5G-networks.aspxMedia production and housing services are preparing for the 5G networks
Can a phone help you achieve peace of mind?https://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Can-a-phone-help-you-achieve-peace-of-mind.aspxCan a phone help you achieve peace of mind?
Circular economy of the future requires a lot of clean energyhttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Circular-economy-of-the-future-requires-a-lot-of-clean-energy.aspxCircular economy of the future requires a lot of clean energy
Bioeconomy and circular economyhttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Bioeconomy-and-circular-economy.aspxBioeconomy and circular economy
Smart industryhttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Smart-industry.aspxSmart industry
IPR first to international marketshttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/IPR-first-to-international-markets.aspxIPR first to international markets
Pilot plants forge innovative ideas into business activitieshttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Pilot-plants-forge-innovative-ideas-into-business-activities.aspxPilot plants forge innovative ideas into business activities
Health and wellbeinghttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Health-and-wellbeing.aspxHealth and wellbeing
Business developmenthttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Business-development.aspxBusiness development
Impulse 1/2014https://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Impulse-1-2014.aspxImpulse 1/2014
Modelling and simulation facilitateshttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Modelling-and-simulation-facilitates.aspxModelling and simulation facilitates
Impulse 2/2015https://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Impulse-2-2015.aspxImpulse 2/2015
Serious efforts to boost the Finnish economyhttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Serious-efforts-to-boost-the-Finnish-economy.aspxSerious efforts to boost the Finnish economy
New power for the electronics industryhttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/New-power-for-the-electronics-industry.aspxNew power for the electronics industry
Impulse 2/2016https://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Impulse-2-2016.aspxImpulse 2/2016
More than siliconhttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/More-than-just-Silicon.aspxMore than silicon
Finland has a lot of special expertise in microelectronicshttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Finland-has-a-lot-of-special-expertise-in-microelectronics.aspxFinland has a lot of special expertise in microelectronics
Defence Forces seek a head starthttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Defence-Forces-seek-a-head-start.aspxDefence Forces seek a head start
The energy sector is jointly preparing for cyber threatshttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/The-energy-sector-is-jointly-preparing-for-cyber-threats.aspxThe energy sector is jointly preparing for cyber threats
Taking the bioeconomy to a new level through digitalisationhttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Taking-the-bioeconomy-to-a-new-level-through-digitalisation.aspxTaking the bioeconomy to a new level through digitalisation
New wood-based materials to help reduce plastic wastehttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/New-wood-based-materials-to-help-reduce-plastic-waste.aspxNew wood-based materials to help reduce plastic waste
From organic and plastic waste to productshttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/From-organic-and-plastic-waste-to-products.aspxFrom organic and plastic waste to products
Yarn from wood fibres sustainablyhttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Yarn-from-wood-fibres-sustainably.aspxYarn from wood fibres sustainably
Sustainability and acceptability for mining operationshttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Sustainability-and-acceptability-for-mining-operations.aspxSustainability and acceptability for mining operations
The autonomous world is already herehttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/The-autonomous-world-is-already-here.aspxThe autonomous world is already here
Brought to you by Paptic: Wood fibre challenges plastic in carrier bagshttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Brought-to-you-by-Paptic-Wood-fibre-challenges-plastic-in-carrier-bags.aspxBrought to you by Paptic: Wood fibre challenges plastic in carrier bags
Cleaner city traffic with wood-based dieselhttps://www.vttresearch.com/Impulse/Pages/Cleaner-city-traffic-with-wood-based-diesel.aspxCleaner city traffic with wood-based diesel