House can guide how to save energy
Residents have a notable influence on a building’s energy efficiency and
carbon footprint. Together with the City of Espoo, VTT Technical Research
Centre of Finland will start to monitor the energy efficiency of the new
research hotel in Otaniemi. The result will enable the creation of a new
reciprocal energy efficiency model that will focus on the role of the resident
and on the reciprocal opportunities created by building automation.
VTT is developing future energy solutions in cooperation with residents of the
new research hotel in Otaniemi. The hotel offers rented furnished
accommodation to visiting foreign research scientists, who will move in to the
new building in November. The four-storey research hotel is located at
Otaranta 4 and overlooks the sea. The hotel has 52 rooms ranging from 30 to 80
square metres, with common areas and facilities on each floor.
Residents’ energy behaviour matters – up to a fourfold difference in
Research Professor Miimu Airaksinen says that the role of the resident is a
significant one. Existing research shows that the varied energy behaviour of
residents can even amount to a fourfold difference in energy consumption. This
is clearly significant with regard to energy-saving.
Over the coming winter VTT will monitor the research hotel’s energy
efficiency: how and in what form the residents consume energy. The research
hotel’s building automation will monitor and distribute information on the
energy impacts of various items directly to residents.
The aim is to create a new reciprocal monitoring model in which residents give
and receive information on their own energy consumption and learn how they can
Exacting environmental and energy requirements have been set for the building,
and gold-level LEED certification has been applied for. Assessment methods for
energy-efficiency solutions have already been developed by VTT for the City of
Espoo at the building’s design phase.
The research hotel has been built to perform at energy consumption levels
considerably lower than required by current regulations, with the property
itself producing around a third of its own electricity and thermal energy.
With an energy efficiency rating at an extremely low 92 (kWh/gsm²/year), the
thoroughly insulated building is heated principally by district heating and
partly by ground heating. The mechanical ventilation is fitted with a heat
recovery function. The roof is equipped with 35 m² of solar panels intended to
provide a portion of the building’s electrical energy, while around half the
building’s hot water is heated by solar thermal collectors. A heat pump is
used to recover heat from waste water. In summer, a circulation pump is all
that is needed to obtain almost 120 kW of free cooling energy from ground
heating wells. Elevation of room temperature is also prevented by use of
window blinds and louvers.
The project began two years ago, and once residents have moved into the
building in November will continue in the form of follow-up research. The
first results are expected in just over a year’s time.
The research hotel was commissioned by the City of Espoo, the project being
implemented in cooperation with VTT and the research hotel design group.