VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland is participating in an EU project
FIT4Green which targets to provide at least 20% saving in direct server and
network devices energy consumption and induce an additional 30% saving due to
reduced cooling needs.
Over 500 million host computers, three billion PCs and mobile devices consume
over a billion kilowatts of electricity. It has been estimated that ICT covers
2% of the global CO2 emissions, a figure equivalent to aviation.
the other hand, ICT also helps reducing energy expenditure from other sources
like transportation through videoconferencing, distance working, e-learning
and e-commerce. However, this potential reduction is partially offset by the
power used by data centres and computer networks. Network and web service
providers have electrical costs in the billions of Euros. AMAZON has evaluated
its data centre expenses, showing that server costs account for 53%, while
energy related costs total 42% (direct power consumption 19% plus amortized
power and cooling infrastructure 23%). Even a fraction of energy savings in
data centres and networks could lead to reduced financial costs and carbon
The project will create an energy-aware layer of
plug-ins on top of the current data centres’ management tools to orchestrate
the allocation of ICT resources and turning off unused equipments. The
plug-ins enhance existing IT solutions deployment strategies by moving
computation and services around a federation of IT data centres’ sites,
without giving up on compliance to Service Level Agreements (SLA) and Quality
of Service (QoS).
FIT4Green approach is potentially
applicable to any data centre type; the project will run pilots to validate
the plug-ins using three representative data centre typologies:
service/enterprise portal, supercomputing grid and cloud computing. In
addition to plug-ins, FIT4Green will develop fine-grained energy consumption
models for ICT components in order to be able to optimize the energy
consumption. Business models, e.g. energy-aware SLAs, are also considered.
30-month FIT4Green started on the 1st of January. It is coordinated by GFI
Informática; HP Italy Innovation Centre is the technological leader. Other
partners include University of Passau, Jülich Supercomputing Centre, Imperial
College London, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, University of
Mannheim, Create-Net, Eni S.p.A., and Almende BV. The first results
considering single data centre scenario will be available in March 2011.